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African Violet

Violet is a flower from the genus Viola, and from the family Violaceae, it grows on Mondays where the climate is temperate, but some species can be found far away. According to some sources, there are 500 species, and the most famous in our country is the African violet.

Violets can be perennials and are mostly duller, but there are also some types of annuals.

We will focus on the species that is most common in our country, which is, as we said, African violet.


-African violet is a very popular houseplant, but maintenance must be precise in order to survive. One of the interesting things is that at the end of the 19th century, the then governor of Germany in East Africa discovered a violet, while he was on a trip with his future wife. That is why it is said that the African violet is a symbol of love and fidelity.


-We would recommend that you plant African violets in a suitable country for easier cultivation, of course you can buy this mix in flower shops, but you can also make it yourself from the same amount of peat, minerals and perlite. It is important to moisten the soil well before planting the seeds. After that, it is important to distribute the seeds evenly on the ground, and when you do that, there is no need to cover it with new soil again. Our advice is to pour water into a spray bottle and sprinkle the ground and then cover with foil. Put it on the window, it is only important that the sun’s rays do not go directly into it. When the soil dries, repeat the procedure, the seeds should germinate in 1-9 weeks. Then the violet shoots should be transferred to a separate pot when the largest leaf reaches 1.5 cm in diameter.


-As for maintenance, it is important to know that proper watering is an important part of caring for this plant. Watering should be 2 times a week all year round when the soil is less moist to the touch, but of course do not allow the soil to dry out or be soaked in water. The water you water should be at room temperature, preferably 48 hours. It is very important that when watering the ground, you try not to touch the leaves and flowers of violets because stains can appear.

When we talk about lighting, you should know that the plant should not be exposed to direct sunlight, but it should have the necessary even lighting. Our advice is to keep the violet a meter from the window on the south side, and there should be 8 hours of light a day. The optimal temperature is 20 degrees, we must not exceed 27 degrees, and we must not fall below 15 degrees.


-Preparation takes place by cutting, ie leaf. The leaves with the stalk are placed in water, and later planted in the ground. Plant them in late spring, so they will reach flowering size in half a year. It can also be sown by seeds, of course, it is best to sow in the spring, and a temperature of 20 degrees is required (we wrote about this method above).


-The plant is not pruned, bloomed, yellowed and destroyed flowers are removed. Do not wash the leaves with water, but with a soft dry brush, and as far as top-dressing is concerned, we should know that liquid fertilizer is given for 20 days during the summer. If the leaves of the violet start to fade, it is a sign that the fertilizer is missing.

I hope we have helped you at least a little and that you will enjoy African Violets.